After 24 hours of Mountain Lion, and 24 hours of Poker Copilot being Mountain Lion friendly, I’ve not heard of any problems. This is a huge relief for me. I’ve been running developer previews of Mountain Lion for some months, and it quickly became clear that Mountain Lion was going to cause some grief for small software companies if they didn’t get their software modified for Gatekeeper. Mountain Lion refuses to open many newly downloaded applications. You get messages like this:
There are work-arounds; if you encounter software like this, you can either:
right-click (or ctrl-click) the downloaded application and click Open. You’ll see this:
Turn Gatekeeper off. In System Preferences, go to Security & Privacy, select the General panel, and set “Allow applications downloaded from:” to “Anywhere”:
Today Apple is releasing OS X 10.8, also known as OS X Mountain Lion. This introduces a new technology called Gatekeeper. By default it prevents many applications for being installed, unless the applications have met some standards for ensuring they can’t easily be hacked to contain malicious code.
Today’s update meets the requirements for Mountain Lion and Gatekeeper.
Changes for OS X Mountain Lion’s (OS X 10.8) Gatekeeper feature.
Hand replayer can now be resized
Improved handling of Merge Network hands where a player goes all-in as a consequence of posting a blind
A friend of mine started using Poker Copilot recently. At first she found the statistics mystifying, so here’s the advice I’d give her – and others. Agree with me? Disagree? Add you opinion in the comments.
When you start using Poker Copilot, the statistics can be confusing. Here’s how to make sense of the “big three” statistics:
Voluntarily Put $ in Pot (VPiP)
Preflop Raise (PFR) Post-flop
Aggression Frequency (Agg)
The first thing you should do with Poker Copilot is evaluate your own playing style using these statistics.
Voluntarily Put $ in Pot (VPiP)
This measures how often you voluntarily invested money into a hand. Paying the big blind, the small blind, or the ante is not considered voluntary. Therefore this percentage indicates how often you called, bet, or raised. The lower this value, the tighter your hand selection is. The higher, the looser.
What is a good VPIP range?
Tight is right.
Simple answer: between 15% and 20%. This assumes you want to play tightly, you are playing micro-stakes, and you are playing on full ring tables.
Now the more complicated answer: it depends a lot. If you are still learning to play good poker, then you should be very selective in which hands you play, so your VPIP might acceptably be a tad lower than 15%. The less people on the table, the more hands you can play. If you are on a table full of ultratight players, you can also loosen up. An experienced player who understands the subtleties of the game can get away with a VPIP between 20% and 27%.
Preflop Raise (PFR)
Limping is for losers.
The PFR statistic indicates how often you have raised before the flop is seen. A high value is an indicator of an aggressive player. A low value indicates a passive player. Good players are aggressive players.
Your PFR has a possible range of 0% to the value of your VPIP. e.g. if your VPIP is 20%, then your PFR can’t be higher than 20%. Ideally it should be a little lower than your VPIP, but not much lower.
Poor players and beginners tend to timidly fold or call preflop. Good players tend to fold or raise preflop, especially if no other players have yet raised.
What is a good PFR range?
Between 2% and 3% lower than VPIP. If your VPIP is 15%, PFR should be about 12%. These two numbers in combination, indicate that you are only playing quality hole cards, and you are predominantly raising with them pre-flop. In other words, you are playing how most poker books and poker forums say you should play.
Post-flop Aggression Frequency (Agg)
Agg indicates how aggressively you play post-flop. The higher this number, the more aggressively you are playing. This must be interpreted in combination with VPIP. Players who see very few flops will naturally tend to have a higher aggression percentage because they are only playing top-quality hole cards.
Poor players play timidly post-flop. They’ll check or call too often. Good players know to play good hands aggressively post-flop:
because players with speculative hands are forced to fold before they get free cards
because if they hit the flop or have a dominating hand, a bet or raise will increase their return
What is a good Agg range?
50% to 60% is ideal , assuming that you have a VPIP of 15% to 20%. Much higher, and you are probably overplaying speculative hands and bad hands. Leave the bluffing for the movies and for live play. Much lower and you are not playing your good hands strongly post-flop.
Want to know more?
Here are two good, recent books that have excellent sections on using poker statistics:
Up till now Poker Copilot’s hand replayer has always been at a fixed size. The next update will allow you to resize the replayer. Instead of this:
You can have this:
I’ll state clearly now that this is not perfect. The cards don’t scale well, as the card graphics I have are intended to be used at a pretty small size. At a large size they look like they are from an 80’s video game. I looked around the Internet for some free scaleable playing card graphics, but the ones I found were not suitable. They look good when large, but have to
o much detail when small. If you know of some good, free, playing card graphics I can use for the replayer please do let me know.